The pigmentation (melanin) in your skin gives it color. In healthy skin, the pigmentation is evenly distributed, giving you an even skin tone. However, various skin damage or diseases can cause excess melanin production, making areas of the skin dark. This is known as hyperpigmentation.
Brown spots, or other skin tone issues, can be caused by a variety of factors, including age. One of the most common causes is sun damage. A type of brown spots often called age spots or liver spots are more accurately dubbed as sunspots. They usually occur in individuals with a history of sun damage on the face, hands, or other exposed areas of skin.
One of the most common types of hyperpigmentation is melasma. This condition primarily affects women. It is most prevalent in expectant mothers, earning it the nickname “Mask of Pregnancy,” although anyone can get melasma. It appears as dark brown, sometimes grayish, patches of skin, usually on the face.
Melasma is triggered by exposure to harmful UV rays, and the best prevention is sun protection. This includes wearing a wide-brimmed sun hat, long sleeves, and broad-spectrum sunscreen. Hormonal changes, such as those experienced during pregnancy, make an individual susceptible to melasma. Certain birth control pills, medications, and even cosmetic products can also increase your risk of developing melasma.
Diagnosis and treatment
In many cases, melasma or other pigmentation problems can be diagnosed with a simple visual examination. However, if Dr. Achtman or Dr. McConnell suspects that a spot may be a sign of another condition, such as skin cancer
, they may perform further testing.
The best treatment depends on the nature of the condition, your skin type, and other factors. Your personalized treatment plan may begin with a topical medication to lighten the skin. If this is not sufficient, chemical peels
, laser therapy, or other gentle procedures may be used.
Although we can help reduce the signs of melasma and brown spots, it is up to you to prevent them from returning. Be sure to ask us about the best sun protection products for your skin type.
Let us help you discover your most beautiful, even, youthful skin. Call (972) 362-9567
and schedule an appointment at DSA Dermatology today.
At DSA Dermatology, we bring to you the best of not one but three leading dermatologists in Plano TX, Dr. Daniel S. Achtman, Dr. Carmine G. McConnell and Dr. Jordan. Achtman.
Dr. Achtman is a board-certified Dermatologist with over three decades of experience. Having graduated from the medical school of McMaster University, he also studied at the UTSW Medical Center in Dallas, TX where he also served as Chief Resident in the Department of Dermatology. In addition to possessing extensive training and experience in cosmetic enhancement techniques, Dr. Achtman is widely known as a leading expert in the diagnosis and treatment of various skin cancers. He is an active member of the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery. Dr. Achtman goes the extra mile to understand your medical concerns and to ensure that he helps you meet your unique aesthetic goals.
Dr. Carmine G. McConnell is a board-certified physician in Plano TX. Having been trained at McMaster University, Canada, she went on to earn her board certification in Texas. Having served as Chief of Staff of her department at Plano Medical Center, she has over two decades of experience in practicing medicine in her practice and while assisting Dr. Achtman in the practice of dermatology. In addition to her extensive postgraduate training in laser therapy and aesthetic surgery, among other procedures, she possesses vast experience in both cosmetic dermatological techniques and family medicine. As a conscientious and caring physician, Dr. McConnell provides her patients with customized non-surgical treatments to help address health and aesthetic concerns related to the skin. She is also keen on helping patients understand their skin and how it can be cared for and protected.
Dr. Jordan Achtman is a board-certified dermatologist in DSA Dermatology at Plano, TX. Dr. J. Achtman graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia and completed his residency in dermatology at UT Southwestern. His expertise spans general, surgical, and cosmetic dermatology. Dr. J. Achtman also has various special interests including chronic itch, infectious diseases of the skin, and the relationship between mental health and skin health. He is also very keen on helping patients form healthy skincare regimens and habits. In the hands of Dr. J. Achtman, you can be assured of innovative and cutting edge solutions for all your skin concerns.